Since the CPU is essential to everything your computer does, from tasks as demanding as playing games to activities as simple as reading the news, you need to make sure you buy a brand you can trust. By extension, you may also want to know if the rivalry: Intel vs AMD is tailored to the kind of activities your team is primarily used for.
Intel vs AMD Processor For Laptop
Prepared? The battle begins!
Currently, AMD and Intel, during this year, are doing drastically different things with their processors. Intel has kept its focus on higher clock speeds and fewer cores, while AMD has doubled down on what it knows by integrating larger numbers of cores into its processors at more than acceptable frequencies.
It should come as no surprise then that AMD is creating a great product with its Ryzen-branded processors, that is, the “high-performance” chips that gamers enjoy like those offered in the Threadripper series. Meanwhile, Intel is seeing great growth, except in the desktop processor category, indicating certain competitive progress from AMD.
That said, it’s not unreasonable to say that AMD and Intel can cater to different audiences, while some processor models overlap each other.
Intel is without a doubt the most famous processor brand on the market. However, it is common to find PC or laptop models equipped with processors from its main competitor: AMD.
What are the main differences between the chips of the two brands? Which one to choose when purchasing a new computer?
If you want the best result regardless of the price, then the best choice will be in Intel. Not only does the Santa Clara chipmaker consistently rank better in CPU benchmarks, Intel’s processors also consume less heat, positioning them with lower TDP (Thermal Design Power) ratings and thus, therefore, lower power consumption overall.
Much of this is due to Intel’s implementation of HyperThreading, which has been incorporated into its CPUs since 2002. HyperThreading keeps existing cores active rather than leaving them idle.
Despite the fact that AMD has implemented MultiThreading in its Ryzen processors, Intel has, for the most part, maintained its place in the top performance benches.
Historically, however, AMD prides itself on its focus on increasing the number of cores in its chips. In theory, this would make AMD’s chips faster than Intel’s, saving for the impact on heat dissipation, and lowering clock speeds.
Fortunately, the new Ryzen chips have mitigated many of the overheating concerns of the past, as long as you have decent cooling gear.
While it’s not difficult to keep an Intel processor cool, AMD likes to cram as many cores as possible into its silicon, so chips tend to run hotter, that would be the logic. But having a good soldier, in stock, they are quite cool.
The thing changes when you want to overclock, which means that you will probably have to invest in one of the best CPU coolers to avoid overheating (like all overclocked processors), but with the standard one that AMD brings it is enough for speeds of stock.
This appears to remain the case on the mobile (laptop) front as well, where AMD has just announced its contributions. The Ryzen 7 2700U (quad-core, 2.2 GHz – 3.8 GHz) will be better compared to the Intel Core i7-8550U (quad-core, 1.8 GHz – 4.0 GHz) and it looks promising based on those numbers alone.
Now that the Santa Clara company’s own range of Core i processors for desktops starts with four cores and goes up to six, mega-task users might be tempted by Intel. While AMD has reached performance parity, the battle is now ostensibly geared towards the number of tasks that can be done at once, rather than how fast to do that task.
Integrated Graphics (IGP)
If you’re building a gaming PC, you should be using a discrete graphics card or GPU (graphics processing unit), rather than relying on the integrated graphics of a CPU to run demanding games like Middle Earth: Shadow of War.
Still, it is possible to run less graphically intense games on an integrated GPU if the processor has one. In this area, Intel is the clear winner, for now, considering that not a single Ryzen chip on the market will work without a graphics card. But all of that is set to change soon, at least in the laptop space.
In this framework, presumably starting in the first quarter of next year, Intel will officially begin shipping its H-series high-end mobile CPU chips with integrated AMD graphics. In turn, this means that the notebooks will be thinner and their silicon footprints will be 50% smaller.
All of this is achieved using Embedded Multi-Die Interconnect Bridge (EMIB) technology, along with a new framework devised that allows power-sharing between Intel processors and third-party graphics chips with dedicated graphics memory. Still, it’s too early to tell if this is a better solution than the purebred AMD laptops expected by the end of 2017.
The latest Intel Kaby Lake, Coffee Lake, or AMD A-Series APU desktop processors will likely perform just as well as any portable graphics solution out there.
At the high end, such as in cases where you will be pairing your CPU with a powerful AMD or Nvidia GPU, Intel processors are generally better for gaming due to their larger base and high clock speeds. At the same time, however, AMD provides better CPUs for multitasking as a result of its higher number of cores and number of threads.
Although there is no clear winner when it comes to graphics, many claims that AMD is the best option for integrated graphics (at the moment), while hardcore gamers who don’t mind spending the extra money for a GPU will find out. that Intel is better at gaming alone, while AMD is better at multitasking.
When you buy a new computer or even a CPU, it usually hangs at a specific clock speed as indicated on the box.
Some processors ship unlockers, allowing for higher clock speeds than those recommended by the manufacturer, giving users more control over how they use their components.
Intel is typically more generous than AMD in this regard. With an Intel system, you can expect overclocking capabilities with the 300-400MHz plus Intel Core 8600K or 8700K . But beware that you will not be able to do it if your Intel processor comes from the factory without the K series seal of approval. While AMD allows overclocking in all its processors.
Both companies will void your warranty if you damage your processor as a result of overclocking, so it is important to be careful with that. Excessive amounts of heat can be generated if care is not taken, neutralizing the CPU as a result.
Intel’s quirkier K-stamp chips are pretty impressive too. The i7-8700K, for example, is capable of maintaining a 4.7 GHz turbo frequency compared to the 4.2 GHz boost frequency of the Ryzen 7 1800X. If you have access to liquid nitrogen cooling, you might even be able to clock in above 6.1 GHz using Intel’s monstrous 18-core i9-7980XE.
Availability and support
In the end, the biggest problem with AMD processors is the lack of compatibility with other components. Specifically, the motherboard and cooling options are limited as a result of the different sockets between the AMD and Intel chips.
While many CPU coolers require you to order a special AM4 bracket to be used with Ryzen, only a handful of the best motherboards are compatible with the AM4 chipset.
In that sense, Intel parts are a bit more common and are often accompanied by lower upfront costs, too, as a result of the wide variety of kits to choose from.
That said, AMD’s chips make a bit more sense from a hardware design perspective. With an AMD motherboard, instead of having metal connector pins in the CPU socket, you will notice that those pins are on the bottom of the CPU itself. In turn, the motherboard is less likely to malfunction due to its own faulty pins.
In terms of availability, more than a month after the release date of the 8th Gen Intel processors, the latest chips from AMD are still much easier to find, giving the manufacturer an unmistakable advantage. Despite the fact that certain Core i3 models can be found equipped at Coffee Lake, it is difficult to find an Intel i5 or i7 CPU in various online stores.
Although you won’t have as much trouble finding an i3-8100 or i3-8350K, stores lack information on the availability of the Intel Core i7-8700K through the i5-8400, and they have been listed to buy for quite a few months! That is why, above all, availability may be the most pertinent argument for choosing AMD over Intel, at least at the moment.
At the same time, many retailers that do have stock are charging more money than the MSRP in some cases. As a result, your best bet is to hang on if you are absolutely ready to get a current Intel Core i chip for your PC. Otherwise, you will have no problem getting a Ryzen 7 1800X.
For buyers of cheap products on the prowl, there used to be the misconception that AMD’s processors were cheaper than Intel’s, but that was only because AMD did its best job at the mid-range product level.
Now that Ryzen processors have proven AMD’s value in the high-end, the tide has turned ostensibly. Now Intel reigns supreme in the space of economic CPUs, with its Pentium G4560 (and that they wanted to eliminate due to the competition that made the i3 …), which offers much better performance than the AMD A12-9800.
Much of this is due to AMD’s reluctance to go beyond just iterating on its antiquated Bulldozer architecture and adopting the current generation ‘Zen’ standard, which has already been introduced with more expensive CPUs.
Still, at the low end, Intel and AMD processors typically retail for the same price. High-end Intel chips now range from 4 to 18 cores, while AMD chips can now be found with up to 16 cores .
While AMD’s Ryzen chips were long rumored to offer cutting-edge performance at a lower price point, benchmarks have shown that Intel is still very competitive, but with the Specter and meltdown security flaws, that drop will be noticeable. sales in the next few years or not? Only time will answer this question.
With this in mind, CPU prices fluctuate constantly. Wait a few months, and you’ll soon find out that the Ryzen 5 1600X, which is showing up in 8-core variants now, has dropped well below market value.
Intel: pros and cons
Recent studies point to Intel as responsible for 80% of the global processor market revenue, leaving AMD in second place.
It can be said that Intel processors have better performance. Even though AMD processors have more processing cores, Intel chip cores are faster, featuring higher individual efficiency.
However, this is not the rule. There are AMD processors that outperform Intel.
However, the benchmark tests easily put Intel in an advantageous position. An Intel Core i7-8700k easily beats the AMD equivalent, the AMD Ryzen 1600X or 1800X. And let’s look at the difference in specs: Intel’s chipset has four 4 GHz processing cores; AMD’s has eight cores at another 4 GHz (but lower IPC).
Intel has been among the best of the best for a decade, but the gap is narrowing in all respects (we’ll go into more detail in the next section). On the other hand, Intel devices have greater compatibility with motherboards, making life easier for manufacturers and enthusiasts who like to assemble their own equipment.
But not everything is pink: As a rule, most high-performance Intel CPUs are more expensive than the AMD equivalents.
AMD: pros and cons
From the above, in terms of AMD, quickly the conclusion is that the main advantage over Intel will be the price. And beware: cheaper does not mean worse or of poor quality.
Although the performance of AMD is not, in your case, as good as that of Intel, the fact is that AMD processors present a high quality and performance, being that the common user will not notice the difference between the two. And this is where price really becomes a differentiating factor.
For example, an AMD Ryzen 3 1200 or an AMD Ryzen 5 1600 are great alternatives for a tight budget. Although this series of AMD Ryzen processors do not have an integrated graphics card (one of its cons), quality/price is difficult to beat.
Another advantage is that the AM4 motherboards will be compatible with future revisions, where Intel is weaker. That makes us go through the box every time a new generation comes out.
But there is a bad side. One of the main user criticisms of AMD processors has to see that their IPC is somewhat lower than those of Intel. With the FX series, there were two or three steps behind Intel processors, currently, with AMD Ryzen, it is half a seat behind. They are not yet in the TOP or leaders, but if they do it well, they will be able to do it.
Intel vs AMD: changes in 2021
Intel continues to dominate the single-threaded performance race (at least for now). There’s also no question that, for higher-end processors, Intel has a distinct advantage at the moment. This is based on a number of tests and through the internet.
That said, the recent Coffee Lake CPU release was a good one. The 2 additional cores allow it to compete much better with Ryzen.
You could get an 8320 or 8350 and overclock to get decent performance, but the wasted power and cooling capacity is a horror (aside from having an old rig). The recommended thing on AMD platforms is to migrate to AMD Ryzen 3 processors (lower range), choose the R5 1600 or R7 1700, and overclock it to gain good extra performance.
Conclusion on Intel and AMD processors
As you can see, Intel and AMD have advantages and disadvantages, and only the user can decide which is the most appropriate solution for the type of use they make of the computer.
Intel’s processors will be faster and more efficient, but AMD’s have better graphics performance and a more attractive cost-benefit. After all, both brands have products capable of responding to different consumer profiles.
In general, make sure you choose the processor that meets your needs and will last you for a few years. A common thing is to always be ready to update the RAM, graphics card, and other parts of a machine. However, it is generally hesitant to upgrade the CPU. The AMD vs Intel battle? Who wins for you?